Browsing Posts published in December, 2018

The debate turns in verses 40-56 to the question of whether the Mahāyāna sūtras and the teaching of emptiness they convey is authentic and whether it is necessary for attaining liberation. The hīnayānist states, “Liberation comes from understanding the [Four Noble] Truths,” and then asks, “What is the point of understanding emptiness?” Śāntideva appeals to [...]

Śāntideva states, “Merit comes from a Conqueror who is like an illusion in the same way as it would if he was truly existent.” (IX.9) In other words, you do not need to posit the inherent existence of even the Buddha for there to be merit and demerit. Merit and demerit are dependently originated and [...]

The Two Truths

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Chapter nine begins with the statement, “It is for the sake of wisdom that the Sage taught this entire collection of preparations. Therefore, in the desire to put an end to suffering, one should develop wisdom.” (IX.1) Śāntideva now turns to the cultivation of the perfection of wisdom as understood in the Consequentialist (S. Prāsaṅgika) [...]