In the Lotus Sutra we are told not to mix our practice of the Lotus Sutra with other practices. This is an important admonition. But what does it mean in the context of our participation in society? What is the distinction between practicing, say “Zuiho Bini” (or adjusting to host cultures) and “mixing?” And what does it mean to practice the Lotus Sutra exclusively? These are ancient questions, and before Nichiren was ever born they had already perplexed generations of Central and East Asian Buddhists who tackled the Lotus Sutra . At the time of his existence the Tendai Sect had, for example, contenanced the mixing of the teachings of Shingon; (“Mantras and Mudras”; chants, objects of meditation, and hand positions) with Lotus Sutra teachings. Nichiren felt that by so doing they had suborned or even turned on their head those teachings. He advised “exclusive devotion” to chanting the title of the Sutra. Nam Myoho Renge Kyo. He warned his disciples about mixing.